I'm not doing physics, but I'll try and stay as general as I can. Here's some specific advice I got from my supervisor and things I realized while doing my own lit review: Those would be the papers that first introduced a problem, a concept, an approach. In addition to the seminal papers from your sub field, you usually want to describe the current state-of-the art.
Below is an example of a lit. In the last few years, prompted largely by the work of Card and Krugernumerous articles on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation have appeared. This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage?
Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention. One reason may be that in the U. Since this federal wage changes only occasionally, most U. Since the Canadian minimum wage is under provincial, not federal jurisdiction, there has been substantial variation in the level and timing of changes in the wage across provinces, thus providing the opportunity to explore a relatively rich panel data set.
To date, only one For each year he found only the union variable increased the probability of an in-favor vote - and only for Republicans, since Democrats almost universally support minimum wage increases.
An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden who examined congressmen's votes for the amendment to increase the minimum wage. Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability.
Kau and Rubin expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between and They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections.
Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides.
More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law. He found variables representing small business and low-wage workers decreased support for the bill, while ideology liberals for, conservatives against was also important. To anticipate future problems, Seltzer emphasized that not only are some variables inevitably theoretically ambiguous a low-wage worker may rationally support or oppose minimum wage increases depending on whether job loss is expectedbut also the coefficients on some variables must be interpreted cautiously.
For example, should the coefficient for a variable measuring teen workers in the labor force be interpreted as their demand for higher wages, or does the coefficient better reflect the demands of well-organized firms that disproportionally hire younger workers?
In contrast to the U. They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to year-olds in the labor force, the current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada.
This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years towith no fixed effects for provinces or years. All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant Statistics Canada Catalogue E Winter Card, David and Alan Kruger.
The New Economics of the Minimum Wage. Princeton University Press, Cambridge University Press, Public Opinion in America, Theses/dissertations in your discipline – see [email protected], or search Science Direct, limiting to Theses Published literature reviews in your discipline.
Note that in some of the Library databases you can limit your search to review articles, for example, in Web of Science limit to Review under Document Type.; Some examples.
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Home» Scientific literature review example» Scientific literature review example. Scientific literature review example. Scientific literature review example examples equilibrium of a rigid body in three dimensions letter writing format in english koodo self serve app all but dissertation completion what were viking houses called how to.
Within a thesis, a literature review may appear in a single chapter – often being the first independent chapter after the introduction. However, reviews of literature may also be dispersed across several chapters, each of which may focus on a different theme, concept, theory or method.
A successful scientific literature review will not. GUIDELINES ON WRITING A GRADUATE PROJECT THESIS SHAN BARKATAKI, COMPUTER SCIENCE DEPARTMENT, CSUN 1. PURPOSE AND INTRODUCTION The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines on writing a graduate project thesis. Sep 08, · A literature review in a dissertation is a method used to gather knowledge that already exists in relation to a particular topic or problem.
This information can be found in various sources, such as journal articles, books, papers, theses, and archival material/5().